Inhaling tobacco smoke into the lungs is one of the most perverse habits of
humans. Cigarette smoking leads to death from many types of cancer. In the USA
1 in 6 individuals in the United States smokes cigarettes despite years of
warnings against the practice. Among high school students, the prevalence of
cigarette smoking declined from 27.5% of students in 1991 to 9.2% in 2014.
e-cigarette use has increased among youth in the past few years. The
long-term health effects of this different form of nicotine delivery are largely
Tobacco smoke contains 4800 chemical compounds, including 69 carcinogens. And
nicotine, the cause of addiction in smokers. Nitrosamines are the dominant
carcinogens. Secondhand smoke comes with suspended particulates. The carbon
particles get inhaled deep into the lungs and are especially harmful to small
children whose lungs are just developing. Several chemicals are classified as
Class A carcinogens. These include arsenic, asbestos, benzene, radon, and vinyl
chloride. Secondhand smoke has also been classified as a Class A carcinogen. It,
too, contains arsenic, benzene, and asbestos. It also includes formaldehyde and
miscellaneous volatile organic compounds. Lung cancer is caused by tobacco
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is estimated to affect 32
million persons in the United States and is the third leading cause of death.
COPD is obstruction to air flow in the lungs that is not reversible. Smokers
develop COPD even after they quit smoking. Symptoms develop after age 40 in
people who have smoked a pack a day for 10 years or more. The single most
important preventive measure for COPD is not to smoke at any age in any amount.
COPD also develops in family members of smokers and in people exposed to heavy
doses of air pollution.
- Discussions of Environmental Science and Human Ecology were developed by
Environmed Research Inc. Sechelt, B.C. Canada. Online Topics were developed from
Air and Breathing
- The Environment
- Air and Breathing helps you understand breathing, respiratory
diseases, air quality issues, airborne infections and other causes of breathing disorders. You will find
detailed information about the respiratory tract, atmosphere, air pollution,
airborne infection, air quality allergy, lung diseases and airborne hazards at home.
2018 edition 106 pages.
Air and Breathing
Print Edition for Download.
In the book, The Environment, you will find detailed information about the weather,
climate change, soils, forests, energy sources, oceans, the atmosphere, air pollution, climate change,
air quality and the politics of the environment. The Environment is
available as a Printed book or as an eBook Edition for download.
Download The Environment as an eBook
The Author Stephen J. Gislason MD
Not all respiratory diseases are caused by airborne pathogens. If asthma,
bronchitis and/or nose sinus congestion is chronic or attacks occur frequently
in all seasons and are not related to airborne exposure, then consider delayed
pattern food allergy as the cause and do diet revision using the Alpha Nutrition
Alpha Education Book Orders
Click Add to Cart buttons to begin an order for mail delivery (US and Canada).
All books can be downloaded as PDF files. Click the Download buttons to order
eBooks for download. Pay by Pay Pal for immediate download. Click the book
titles (center column) to read topics from each book.
Search Alpha Online