|Emotions and Feelings|
For Me Ness
The opposite of polite talk is insulting talk. Insults are names and attributions designed to hurt others, to arouse anger and ultimately to start fights. Children are often taught:” Sticks and stones will break my bones, but names will never hurt me.” While the intention is to alleviate some of the suffering a child feels when others hurl insults, the statement is not true. “Names” can be harmful and are often remembered for years; whereas pleasant experiences are forgotten.
You could ask why insults are potent as expressions of aggression and as triggers for fights. Proud males, for example, so reject insults that a scrappy fight, a formal duel, or a declaration of war follows an insult. If you are a skilled peace-maker, you learned to deflect insults and inhibit anger. But even the most skilled pacifist will still be hurt by insults and will require strategies of self-defense that do not depend on anger or revenge. An important meaning of an insult is: ”I don’t like you and intend to do you harm.”
The term “profanity” originated with religious authorities to describe words and expressions not approved by the church. Blasphemous language opposes the stories and authority of the church. Insults are often expressed with profanity that consist of words and gesture that are rude and disrespectful. Synonyms for profane speech are cussing cursing, swearing, obscene, dirty words. Words that refer to the anus, feces and sexual organs are often used as insults. Disrespectful words that refer to ethnic origins, religion, and occupation are also used as insults. Referring to people as animals with low status is insulting.
Insults are competitive behaviors that cause occasional confrontations that can interrupt the social order. Kudryavtseva stated: “Agonistic (competitive) behavior includes the manifestations of aggression and submissiveness by individuals in conflict situations and is a universal form of behavior found in animals of different species. The sensory contact model allows aggressive and submissive (inhibited, suppressed) types of behavior to be formed in male mice as a result of acquisition of repeated experience of social conquests or defeats. Experience of aggression is accompanied by activation of the dopaminergic systems in the victors. Experience of social defeat leads to changes in the state of the serotoninergic and noradrenergic systems of various parts of the brains of the defeated animals. Significant differences in emotional expression, movement activity, investigative activity, communicative ability, alcohol consumption, and many physiological aspects were found in animals of opposite social groups.“ (Kudryavtseva NN. Agonistic behavior: a model, experimental studies, and perspectives. Neurosci Behav Physiol 2000 May-Jun;30(3):293-305 (ISSN: 0097-0549))
Emotions and Feelings