Emotions and Feelings

For Me Ness

Some Topics

  • Cognitive-Emotive Complexes

    Let us consider important cognitive-emotive complexes that are mislabeled as “emotions.” For example, humans use the term “love’ in a variety of ways. If you examine individual uses of the term you will discover references to packages of tendencies, stories, social conventions, appetites, feelings and emotions. Love is described in error as a discrete “emotion.” We recognize that the experience of euphoria that lovers enjoy is a persuasive but transient feeling. However, when lovers promise long-term devotion and live together, they are involved in complex and evolving dynamics that engage every part of their body and mind. The “love” that they refer to is a variable, cognitive-emotive complex and not a single emotion. Naïve lovers may expect that that the early euphoric feelings of falling-in-love will continue forever and will be disappointed when they discover that euphoria is transient and may only recur in special circumstances.


    The word “Love” is a fuzzy word, often used to refer to any and all the emotive and cognitive forces that bind people together. “Love’ is complex and no simple explanation of love will do. Love is often referred to as an “emotion” although on closer investigation, the term “love” includes different ingredients such thoughts, feelings and several emotions. Love is not a single emotion nor even a coherent mix of emotions. Love is a biosocial complex inflected at different levels of intensity and meaning. Sometimes, love is just a word that fails to have much meaning.

    The experience of falling in love is a package deal, separate from other meanings of the word "love". Falling in love involves a complex of feelings, perceptions and cognitions designed by DNA to bring two people together in a tight, exclusive bond that supports reproduction. Falling-in-love is a special, temporary suspension of “normal” rules of interaction that keep people at a distance, more or less fixed in a social matrix.

    Romantic love is temporary glue that sticks two people together and is most evident in younger people choosing a mate. The essential feature of falling in love is a fascination with another person coupled with a drive to be with them and to protect them. Fisher suggested that lust, attraction, and attachment are features of three brain systems involved in courtship, mate selecting, reproduction, and parenting. Lust is the sex drive, the craving for sexual gratification. Romantic love is characterized by obsessive thinking, deep dependency on the relationship, and a craving for union with one individual. A couple is elated when things are going well, but suffer terribly when things are going poorly.

    Successful bonding creates feelings of contentment and a sense of long-term commitment to the partner. This exclusive focus is deviant from all other social involvements that require lower intensity attention to many people. Males idealize their loved one and suspend business as usual in favor of serving the needs of their potential spouses. Females are overwhelmed with maternal feelings and fantasies of home, the family, and enduring devotion and support of the male. Both lovers will tend to fell euphoric and powerful; their devotion can overcome all obstacles and accomplish wonders.The “emotional” components of falling in love are observable behaviors that distinguish lovers from ordinary folk on the street and at home.Lovers hold hands, walk arm-in-arm, hug, kiss and make love often.

    When humans touch gaze with pleasure and touch each other each with care and concern, we talk about “tenderness”. Tender, affectionate behavior is seen in the best moments that lovers share and in the best care offered by a mother to her young children. The feelings associated with physical intimacy are mostly pleasurable. A kiss can induce a remarkable euphoria in seconds. The importance of positive feelings of affiliation cannot be overestimated. In primates for millions of years, proximity, touching and grooming are essential to individual well being and to social order.

    Falling in love is not a smooth ride, however. While pleasurable feelings, tenderness and concern tend to occur in the early stages of falling-in-love, the pleasant feelings soon diminish and are interrupted by more routine, negative feelings that emerge in the mix and will often dominate the couple’s experience. Lovers will display a variety of emotions: affection, laughing, crying, anger, fear and grief will all be displayed in the course of a romance. Jealousy is another cognitive-emotional complex that accompanies love. This parade of conflicting emotions is essential to the “love story.” Who could write Harlequin romances without them? Selfish genes are at work in the background setting up the strongest possible bonding force and the biggest reward for compliance, but, alas, the benefits of the mating program are short-lived and other forces are soon at work to disengage the couple.

    Falling-in-love euphoria has an expected duration of a few days to months. Romance can be prolonged by separating the couple so that they yearn for each other and develop elaborate fantasies that emphasize the pleasures of being together. The quick way to end romantic bliss is to live together. Since the bliss of falling in love is short-lived, couples must move into a second stage of their “love” relationship to stay together. This requires a more conscious, deliberate adaptation. Bonding can deepen as the couple spends more time together and map into each other's daily schemas. Sleeping and eating together are potent bonding activities. If the couple remains affectionate, grooms each other and plays together, the bond becomes stronger. The support of family and friends is crucial for the longevity of a developing relationship.

    The couple’s ultimate success depends on their social compatibility and ability to help each other achieve common goals. In the best case, intense feelings are replaced by more sustainable affection and concern for the welfare of the other.

    One model of altruistic love is maternal devotion to children. The ideal mother is deeply bonded to her children, is self-sacrificing and unusually attentive to the needs of her children. While romantic love briefly contains the elements of maternal love and may lead to lead to marriage, pregnancy and life-together, the biological basis appears to be short-lived leaving the bonded couple in need of other motivations and constraints to sustain their relationship. The ideal mother attracts a supportive man and sustains his interest in the children by providing affection, sexual favors and sharing the labor of maintaining a home. The ideal mother’s love for her children is unconditional and lasts a lifetime, but the love of the father or fathers of the children is conditional and may be short-term. The ideal father provides protection and support, devoting all his resources to one mother who has given birth only to his children.

    • Emotions and Feelings

    • This book investigates the for-me-ness of experiences, using psychology, neuroscience and philosophy. Everyone has some idea what emotions and feelings are but their exact nature is elusive. We can begin by noting that emotions and feelings are not the same. Generally, humans are ignorant of internal processes and invent all manner of imaginary and irrelevant explanations to explain feelings. The term “emotion” is best used to point to animal and human behavior. There are a small number of primary emotions and variations that involve mixtures of emotional displays feelings and behaviors. Joy, anger, fear and pain are pure emotions. Other, more complex and derivative experiences act as interfaces to emotions. Love, jealousy and hate are not emotions. These are descriptions of complex interactions and evaluations that involve a range of feelings and interface to true emotions some of the time. Euphoria is the benefit of being in love. Sadness and anger are the cost of being in love. Jealousy, like love, is another complex of cognitions, feelings and emotions that exist to monitor and regulate close relationships. The absence of emotional display is highly valued in polite society. Humans have advanced toward civil and productive social environments that are emotionally neutral. Emotional neutrality is a requirement for acceptable behavior in school and work environments.

      Emotions and Feelings is intended for a well-educated smart reader who is interested in Human Nature and the daily experience of humans in groups. The author is Stephen Gislason Both Print editions and eBooks for download are available from Alpha Online

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      Human Nature
      The Good Person
      Pieces of the Puzzle
      The Sound of Music
      Surviving Human Nature
      Language and Thinking
      I and Thou
      Emotions, Feelings
      Neuroscience Notes
      Human Brain
      Children & Family
      Intelligence & Learning
      Religion 21st Century

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      The Psychology, Philosophy, Neuroscience series of books was developed by Persona Digital. The books are copyright and all rights to reproduction by any means are reserved. We encourage readers to quote and paraphrase topics from Emotions and Feelings 2017, published online, and expect proper citations to accompany all derivative writings. The author is Stephen Gislason and the publisher is Persona Digital Books, Sechelt, B.C. Canada.